GAZELLES & DEERS
A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella or
formerly considered to belong to it. The gazelle's African name dangelo,
means "swift deer." Six species are included in two genera, Eudorcas and
Nanger, which were formerly considered subgenera. The genus Procapra has
also been considered a subgenus of Gazella, and its members are also
referred to as gazelles, though they are not dealt with in this article.
Gazelles are known as swift animals. Some are able to run at bursts as
high as 100 km/h (60 mph) or run at a sustained speed of 50 km/h (30 mph).
Gazelles are found mostly in the deserts, grasslands, and savannas of
Africa; but they are also found in southwest and central Asia and the
Indian subcontinent. They tend to live in herds, and eat less coarse,
easily digestible plants and leaves.